### Fraction Number Lines

That was the case with my warm up the other day. It seemed simple enough. Note: I purposely did NOT put any points or any other references on the number line. See below . . .Now, if you've been reading days 1-10, you know that I like to torture my students with odd questions and bizarre situations and obtuse tasks. Watching them struggle makes me beam with pride. Seriously! My students will take on a task like this with no questions asked any more! I did get a few comments . . .

**"Is this one of those 'There are lots of right answers' types of problems?"**

"Can we move the 1/2 to 'where it supposed to be'?" (I loved that one...shrugged and informed them that it IS where it's supposed to be Thank. You. Very. Much.)

"Do they have to be fraction numbers or can they be 'real' numbers?" (Love how fractions are fake numbers...)

"Can we move the 1/2 to 'where it supposed to be'?" (I loved that one...shrugged and informed them that it IS where it's supposed to be Thank. You. Very. Much.)

"Do they have to be fraction numbers or can they be 'real' numbers?" (Love how fractions are fake numbers...)

So off they went to their teams. I asked them to work for 10 minutes or so with their team and to come up with ONE united solution. They put their heads together and I sat back and listened to all sorts of amazing discussions. There was lots of pencil tapping, fingers used as "spacing guides", and even a few rulers pulled out to try to prove points!

After they had worked, I had all of the groups come up to the Smartboard and share their ideas . . .

We talked about how similar and different the different solutions were. I was surprised at how uniform they were, to be honest. Pretty much all groups plopped a "0" and a "1" on either side of the 1/2--with the 0 being as far to the left as they could go. Different groups then did varying degrees of division . . . some counted 0, 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, and so on. Others put in eighths and a few added "estimated" fractions like 1/3. But every single group put the zero "as far over as they could". They were all very insistent that there be EQUAL spacing between the 0, the 1/2, and their 1. Most groups also had room to add the 1 1/2. I was intrigued.

I was still surprised that no one really thought out of the box, so I asked if they wanted to see MY solution. They couldn't believe it because, of course, I NEVER show them how I would do it! You could just tell they were thinking, "What is she DOING?" Always keep them on their toes, that's what I always say. Because I was at the Smartboard, I have no photos, so here is my recreation of my first attempt:

I threw this bad boy up there and the students were silent. Someone finally chimed in and said, "You didn't fill up the line." Someone else said, "Why didn't you put the zero at the end?" I spoke nary a word. I waited. The kids complained. They talked. Finally I heard,

**"Wait, guys. The number line has arrows on the end. It goes on forever in both directions. There isn't an end."**

Are these not your favorite moments? Those unplanned, unscripted, "I don't know where this is going and it's a little scary for me as a teacher" moments? That comment was the catalyst for the next part of the discussion where we talked about spacing on a number line, equal parts, and so on. Not being able to leave well enough alone, I then threw this one out there:

Now this one really irritated them.

**"That's IT? That's ALL you are putting on it?"**

Again, I shrug. I sent them back to their teams to find other numbers that would work on MY number line. I only gave them a little while to work, but when I started hearing things like . . .

**"We need to find other fractions that are equivalent to 1/2."**

and

**"There isn't much space between 1/2 and 5/8."**

I knew we were making progress. So--step outside the box with YOUR little people. Look at things a new way. Give them LESS information and see what they can figure out! The world's problems aren't going to be solved by people who can pick from among four bubbles, folks! We must be helping them construct meaning. Stay tuned for tomorrow when I tell you how we tried an example/counterexample warm up. . . and it was so much fun! Thanks for joining me!

***UPDATE***

This blog post and sequencing activity is now a part of my comprehensive fraction unit available by clicking the image below. Hundreds of teachers have now used it to change the way they teach fractions!

Want more help with using number lines for fraction work?

How about the unit, the number line work AND eight other fraction resources?

You know, at a recent PD day at our school the presenter quoted from a professor at Harvard who said that students are arriving at university with no ability to think! He should visit your class :) I hope these kids continue to have lessons like this as they progress through the education system! I'm trying to do it too in my class - I want my kiddies to think and explore and learn for themselves not just regurgitate facts. You're doing a great job, Meg!!

ReplyDeleteThanks, Lynn. One day at a time, right?

DeleteBeautiful work Meg, absolutely beautiful.

ReplyDeleteWow, Mr. Hodge! What a nice thing to say! I am glad you enjoyed the post...I hope my love of teaching math comes through! :)

DeleteMeg,

ReplyDeleteI enjoy your blog very much and I have really enjoyed your fraction posts. Here is my dilema: Our big test is about a month away, and I am in "crunch time." I still have several things I haven't covered yet, so I am pressed to present the material to them so they have at least been exposed. I know your way is better (I have tried it this year and it works), but right now I don't feel like I have enough time for them to figure it out on their own! I want to do better next year, so my question is this: How do you plan your time so that you are not in a time crunch? I only have 90 minutes each day, and I also have to teach writing. My math is supposed to last 60 minutes, but often it goes over that. We are departmentalized, so I can't borrow from somewhere else. I would love to contact you by email to go further into detail about this. taraba@opsb.net

Hey there...you ARE in a bit of a sticky situation. I get your frustration. I think you have to decide if you can perhaps combine the two so you are building understanding and teaching perseverance, problem solving, and so on--but then perhaps working in some of the computation as well. You can only do what you can do...trust your gut--and take a deep breath!

DeleteMeg, I was inspired by your Fractions post to revamp my Fractions unit. I thought your posts were so great that I linked to them on my blog post today.

ReplyDeletehttp://2peasandadog.blogspot.ca/2013/02/are-you-cursed-by-math.html

Well, thank you very much! I hope your new unit works for you and your students!

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